Corresponding Astrological Signs: Sagittarius, Leo, Pisces. Topaz is the birthstone of November (yellow topaz) and December (blue topaz), it is a talisman for the sign of Sagittarius and the suggested anniversary gemstone for the 4th, 19th or 23rd year of marriage.
It cannot be proved conclusively whether the name of the topaz comes from the Sanskrit or the Greek, though the Greek name 'topazos' means 'green gemstone'. From the Sanskrit, it means fire. Topaz occurs in a wide range of colors including red, orange, peach, pink, gold, yellow, brown and clear and is found in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Russia. Naturally pale to medium blue topaz is enhanced by irradiation to produce a more intense blue color.
Red and pink topaz gems were used in the jewelry of the 18th and 19th Century Russian Czarinas and is why topaz is sometimes called "Imperial Topaz". The most famous topaz is actually a colorless topaz that was originally thought to be a diamond. It is a 1680 carat stone known as the "Braganza Diamond" set in the Portuguese Crown Jewels. Another beautiful topaz is in the Green Vault in Dresden which has one of the world's most important gem collections.
During the Middle Ages topaz was thought to heal both physical and mental disorders and prevent death. The Greeks believed it had power to increase strength and to make its wearer invisible while the Romans believed it had power to improve eyesight. The Egyptians wore it as an amulet to protect them from injury. The Romans dedicated the topaz to Jupiter.
Useful to develop empathy and compassion. Helps open communications from the heart. May help adaptability, to find humor and to gain spiritual insight. Stimulates the body's energy flow and strengthens nerves. Good in meditation for self-realization and to use with healing affirmations. Yellow Topaz boosts self-confidence and eases nervous exhaustion. Blue Topaz helps with clear communications, and Pink Topaz is a heart stone. All are protective and direct energy to manifest abilities.
Chakras: Solar Plexus, Heart and Throat.
Composition: Aluminum fluorsilicate.
Mohs-scale Hardness: 8