Carnelian is one of the birthstones listed in the ancient Arabic, Hebrew, Italian and Roman tables and is a Zodiac birthstone for the signs of Leo and Virgo. It has been associated with the planets Mars and Jupiter, and the element Fire.
Carnelian's name comes from "carne", the Latin for flesh, as it has been associated with passion, earthiness and sensuality for centuries. It forms near Earth's surface, under relatively low heat and pressure. Carnelian's colors range from deep pink, red-brown and orange-red to honey-yellow; from iron oxides in the stone. It is often heat-treated, to enhance color. Used for centuries to carve beautiful cameos; Carnelian is found in Australia, Brazil, Madagascar, Russia, South Africa, and the USA. It has also been called Canary Stone, Mecca Stone or Pigeon Blood Agate.
Ancient Egyptians found this stone symbolic of the sun's disk and the Sun God Ra, or the blood of the Goddess Isis. Sometimes thought to assist in resurrection in the after-life, or to protect the traveler after death and guard against evil. Carnelian's is thought to be beneficial in the treatment of infertility. Carnelian is a stone of passion, motivation and courage. It can help transmute negative energies. Helps focus, as it calms emotions of anger, envy and hostility. Eases survival fears and grounds in present reality. Stimulates metabolism. Directs Kundalini.
Chakras: Root, Sacral and Spleen
Composition: Chalcedony (Microcrystalline Quartz)
Transparency: Translucent to opaque
Luster: Waxy or dull
Mohs-Scale Hardness: 7